Gerolstein

Nowadays Gerolstein is famous for its mineral springs and its bottled mineral water. It is the biggest mineral water exporter in Germany.

The name ‘Gerolstein’ appeared first in connection with the Löwenburg Castle in 1115. The castle was erected by a certain Gerhard von Blankenheim, and that’s why it was also called Gerhardstein. It is assumed that the name Gerolstein derived from Gerhardstein.

The construction year of the castle was presumably 1100.

Saint Anne’s Parish Church was one of the first churches that I have visited in Germany and I can recall that I was greatly impressed by it. Yet from my present point of view, I can’t say with certainty what exactly of this church has impressed me. Whether it was the interesting ceiling (the building dates from 1811).

St. Anna, Gerolstein, Altar

St. Anna, Gerolstein,Taufbecken

…or it was the altar or the font from 1709?

Or is the fact, that I couldn’t find again any substantial information about this temple. But this is rather frustrating than impressing.

But the truly impressive church to me in town is still the Evangelical Church of the Redeemer/die Erlöserkirche. It is the second one with a Byzantine mosaic that I’ve discovered so far (after that in Aachen). It is even more valuable to me than the Aachen Cathedral, despite its rather contemporary construction.

Maybe it has made such an impact on my mind because it was a bit difficult to access. The first time when I found it, it was closed. And the second time, I managed to visit it along with a group of tourists that have apparently had an appointed sightseeing with a tour guide.

Erlöserkirche, Gerolstein

The church was erected between 1911 and 1913 in the Romanesque Revival style. It was dedicated in the presence of Emperor Wilhelm II/William II himself.

Erlöserkirche, Gerolstein, Eingang

You can notice the masks – now sad, now smiling – at the points of intersections in the network structure of the door.

Erloeserkirche Gerolstein Medaillons.jpg

Two of the four medallions at the entrance hall of the church – of Emperor Wilhelm II and Empress Augusta Victoria. In the interior of the church, the religious motifs are narrowly entangled with the political ones.

Erloeserkirche Gerolstein Eingang (2)

Erloeserkirche Gerolstein

Erloeserkirche Gerolstein Mosaic

24 million mosaic fragments were used for the decorations.

Erloeserkirche Gerolstein Mosaic (2)

The dome is divided into 8 parts in which are the bust images of Charlemagne, Emperor William I, Emperor Frederick Barbarossa, Pepin the Short, Saint Willibrord, Martin Luther, Philip Melanchthon, and Saint Boniface represented.

The chandelier is in the form of a Globus Cruciger – part of the royal regalia.

Erloeserkirche Gerolstein Mosaic (3).jpg

Erloeserkirche Gerolstein Mosaic (4).jpg

Erloeserkirche Gerolstein Mosaic (5)

Erloeserkirche Gerolstein Mosaic (6)

(Information source about the Church of the Redeemer: the website eifelkirchen.com)

Gerolstein Stolpersteine

Stolpersteine/stumbling-stones – a project of the artist Gunter Demnig in memory of the victims of the Nazism.

I want to remind that I’m not making an exhaustive review of the places that I’m showing. I’m showing the things that I’ve managed to see personally (sometimes absolutely by chance, and such a chance was the Church of the Redeemer, for example). That’s why the text follows the photographs, not the other way around. The same holds true for all publications.

In Lissingen – part of the town – stands Lissingen Castle, built in 1280. It was closed during my two visits in town. Lissingen Castle, along with Bürresheim and Eltz Castles, is famous for the fact that it was the only one in the surrounding area, that means within the Eifel Mountain, remained untouched over the centuries.

Lissingen.jpg

Advertisements

2 thoughts on “Gerolstein

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s